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Link: Meningitis and Encephalitis Fact Sheet

Infections, and less commonly other causes, in the brain and spinal cord can cause dangerous inflammation. This inflammation can produce a wide range of symptoms, including fever, headache, seizures, chang in behavior or confusion and, in extreme cases, can cause brain damage, stroke, or even death.

Infection of the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord, is called meningitis and inflammation of the brain itself is called encephalitis. Myelitis refers to inflammation of the spinal cord. When both the brain and the spinal cord are involved, the condition is called encephalomyelitis.

This link leads to a page, much like an FAQ, about Meningitis and Encephalitis which gives facts about what they are, how they are transmitted, the signs and symptoms, and many more very useful bits of information. The full “fact sheet” text can be found at


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