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encephalitis

Video: Meningitis and Encephalitis – John Toney, MD


This website is not a substitute for independent professional advice. Nothing contained in this site is intended to be used as medical advice. No articles, personal accounts, or other content are intended to be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes or as a substitute for your own health professionals advice.

Video: Meningitis and Encephalitis: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment


This website is not a substitute for independent professional advice. Nothing contained in this site is intended to be used as medical advice. No articles, personal accounts, or other content are intended to be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes or as a substitute for your own health professionals advice.

Link: Woman Falls Suddenly Ill After Developing Autoimmune Encephalitis

Keely Shaw, 27, was feeling tired and getting a lot of headaches after breaking up with her boyfriend of 11 months. Chalking up her apparent illness to heartbreak, she left her home in Pontefract in the English county of West Yorkshire and went on a day trip to London in November 2013.

This young woman went on to experience sudden personality changes and seizures which lead to an anti-NMDA receptor encephalitis diagnosis in the UK. The full article can be found at http://www.opposingviews.com.

Copyright © January 25th, 2015 | Author Amanda Andrade-Rhoades

This website is not a substitute for independent professional advice. Nothing contained in this site is intended to be used as medical advice. No articles, personal accounts, or other content are intended to be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes or as a substitute for your own health professionals advice.

Link: High prevalence of NMDA receptor IgA/IgM antibodies in different dementia types

To retrospectively determine the frequency of N-Methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA) receptor (NMDAR) autoantibodies in patients with different forms of dementia.

This full text discusses the discovery of NMDA antibodies in those with dementias. The text can be found at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acn3.120/full.

© 2014 The Authors. Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc on behalf of American Neurological Association.

This website is not a substitute for independent professional advice. Nothing contained in this site is intended to be used as medical advice. No articles, personal accounts, or other content are intended to be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes or as a substitute for your own health professionals advice.

Link PDF: Autoantibodies associated with diseases of the CNS: new developments and future challenges

Several CNS disorders associated with specifi c antibodies to ion channels, receptors, and other synaptic proteins have been recognised over the past 10 years, and can be often successfully treated with immunotherapies. Antibodies to components of voltage-gated potassium channel complexes (VGKCs), NMDA receptors (NMDARs), AMPA receptors (AMPARs), GABA type B receptors (GABABRs), and glycine receptors (GlyRs) can be identifi ed in patients and are associated with various clinical presentations, such as limbic encephalitis and complex and diff use encephalopathies. These diseases can be associated with tumours, but they are more often non-paraneoplastic, and antibody assays can help with diagnosis. The new specialty of immunotherapy-responsive CNS disorders is likely to expand further as more antibody targets are discovered. Recent fi ndings raise many questions about the classifi cation of these diseases, the relation between antibodies and specifi c clinical phenotypes, the relative pathological roles of serum and intrathecal antibodies, the mechanisms of autoantibody generation, and the development of optimum treatment strategies.

This article by Angela Vincent, Christian Bien, Sarosh Irani, and Patrick Waters talks about conditions of the CNS caused by autoantibodies. The full paper can be found at ResearchGate.net. This was posted to thread https://www.facebook.com/groups/251477975360/permalink/10154711712105361/ on 27th October, 2014 by G.D.

Copyright © The Lancet 2011 | Authors Angela Vincent, Christian Bien, Sarosh Irani, and Patric Waters

This website is not a substitute for independent professional advice. Nothing contained in this site is intended to be used as medical advice. No articles, personal accounts, or other content are intended to be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes or as a substitute for your own health professionals advice.

Link: Assessment of altered mental status

Altered mental status (AMS) is a general term used to describe various disorders of mental functioning that can range from slight confusion to coma. [1] Given the vagueness of the term, it is imperative to understand its key components before considering a differential diagnosis. Fundamentally, mental status is a combination of the patient’s level of consciousness (i.e., attentiveness) and cognition (i.e., mental processes or thoughts); patients may have disorders of one or both. [2] For example, patients with meningitis may have impaired consciousness (i.e., altered sensorium, decreased attentiveness) with intact cognition, whereas patients with dementia may have a normal level of consciousness with impaired cognition. However, more frequently, patients exhibit altered levels of consciousness plus cognition: for example, with delirium, a relatively common and sometimes fatal cause of AMS.

This article discusses “altered mental status” which is often listed as a symptom of encephalopathy. The full article can be found at http://bestpractice.bmj.com/best-practice/monograph/843.html.

This website is not a substitute for independent professional advice. Nothing contained in this site is intended to be used as medical advice. No articles, personal accounts, or other content are intended to be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes or as a substitute for your own health professionals advice.

Link: MONSTERS INSIDE ME TERRIFYING HUMAN DISEASES

Monsters Inside Me: Ovarian Teratoma

The reason for Kiera Echol’s behaviour is finally diagnosed as an ovarian teratoma, a type of tumour comprising of cells from other organs.

The full video can be found at http://www.discoveryuk.com/web/monsters-inside-me/videos/?video=monsters-inside-me-ovarian-teratoma.

This website is not a substitute for independent professional advice. Nothing contained in this site is intended to be used as medical advice. No articles, personal accounts, or other content are intended to be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes or as a substitute for your own health professionals advice.

Link: Mystery illness – ovarian teratoma associated encephalitis

A mysterious and often life threatening disease affects the lives of mostly young women. These patients often end up in psychiatric hospitals misdiagnosed or in intensive care units with bizarre behaviour and metabolic meltdown. It’s been discovered that these patients had a benign tumour in the ovary called teratoma. A teratoma can contain teeth, hair and most significantly for the women suffering from this condition, brain tissue. The body sees this tumour like a foreign type of tissue and mounts an attack, an immune response against these brain cells that are in the tumour. However, the immunological system is tricked and not only goes against the tumour, but is also misdirected against the brain of the patients.

The full audio can be heard at http://mpegmedia.abc.net.au/rn/podcast/2011/06/hrt_20110606_0830.mp3.

This website is not a substitute for independent professional advice. Nothing contained in this site is intended to be used as medical advice. No articles, personal accounts, or other content are intended to be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes or as a substitute for your own health professionals advice.

Video: The Baby Who Smelled Like Pancakes – Mystery Diagnosis

For many decades, Carole Battle has been a healthy, active mother and watercolor artist, when suddenly, she starts having balance problems. Initially, it appears to be an infection of her inner ear, but soon, Carole also develops dizziness, and eventually, speech impediments. It turns out that Carole has had cancer that is being kept in check by a rare autoimmune disease called paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD).

Since young Rachel Webb has been born, her parents have been worried about her. She has urine that smells like maple syrup, cries constantly for no apparent reason, has feeding problems, and becomes unresponsive for a while. Eventually, Rachel goes into a coma, but fortunately, the doctor finds out that she has maple syrup urine disease.

This website is not a substitute for independent professional advice. Nothing contained in this site is intended to be used as medical advice. No articles, personal accounts, or other content are intended to be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes or as a substitute for your own health professionals advice.

Video: Rare Brain Disease: Encephalitis

This website is not a substitute for independent professional advice. Nothing contained in this site is intended to be used as medical advice. No articles, personal accounts, or other content are intended to be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes or as a substitute for your own health professionals advice.