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steroid responsive encephalopathy

Link: Two patients with Hashimoto’s encephalopathy and uncontrolled diabetes successfully treated with levetiracetam


Hashimoto’s encephalopathy (HE) is a rare syndrome of progressive or relapsing–remitting encephalopathy associated with elevated serum anti-thyroid antibody concentrations. It is thought to be an autoimmune process that generally responds well to high-dose corticosteroids and other immunomodulatory therapies. However, some patients are unresponsive to steroids or are unable to receive immune therapy. A viable alternative is needed for this group. Given that seizure and EEG abnormalities are commonly associated with this syndrome, we postulate that treatment with levetiracetam, which has duel anti-inflammatory and anti-seizure mechanisms, might show clinical benefit. We present the cases of two patients who met the criteria for HE but were unable to receive steroids due to labile diabetes. They were both successfully treated with levetiracetam.

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Copyright © 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V. | Journal of the Neurological Sciences


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