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demyelination

Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis

What is Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis?

Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is characterized by a brief but widespread attack of inflammation in the brain and spinal cord that damages myelin – the protective covering of nerve fibers.  ADEM often follows viral or bacterial infections, or less often, vaccination for measles, mumps, or rubella.  The symptoms of ADEM appear rapidly, beginning with encephalitis-like symptoms such as fever, fatigue, headache, nausea and vomiting, and in the most severe cases, seizures and coma.

– NINDS.NIH.GOV

The full text describing ADEM, it’s symptoms, and treatement can be found at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/acute_encephalomyelitis/acute_encephalomyelitis.htm.

Copyright © The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Last updated February 14, 2014

 

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Link: Migraine

This article about migraines by Dr Yuranga Weerakkody and Dr Frank Gaillard et al.

Migraines are common, consisting of often debilitating headaches, accompanied by an aura in one third of patients. Their aetiology remain controvertial, although changes in cerebral vessel reactivity is involved.

– Radiopaedia article “Migraine”

The article is published by Radiopaedia. © 2005–2014 Radiopaedia.org

This website is not a substitute for independent professional advice. Nothing contained in this site is intended to be used as medical advice. No articles, personal accounts, or other content are intended to be used to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease, nor should it be used for therapeutic purposes or as a substitute for your own health professionals advice.